Anna Lee Fisher is an American chemist, emergency physician and a NASA astronaut.
Anna Lee Fisher; born August 24, 1949 in New York City and grew up in San Pedro, California, which she considers her hometown.
Anna Fisher is an American chemist, emergency doctor, and former NASA astronaut. Mother of two children, in 1984 she became the first mother in space. During her NASA career, she was involved in three major programs: the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the Orion spacecraft.
Anna Fisher was selected as an astronaut candidate in January 1978. In August 1979, she completed her training and evaluation period, becoming eligible for assignment as a Mission Specialist on Space Shuttle crews.
As one of the first female astronauts, she helped design a spacesuit tailored to the female anatomy.
After the year-long basic training program, Fisher’s first NASA missions (pre-STS‑1 through STS‑4) included the following:
• Development and testing of the Canadarm Remote Manipulator (RMS) – commonly referred to as the shuttle’s “robotic arm”;
• Contribute to the design of female-friendly spacesuits (known as extra-small extravehicular mobility units, or EMUs);
• Development and testing of emergency spacewalk procedures for cargo doors and emergency repair procedures;
• Flight Software Verification at the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL) – in this capacity she reviewed requirements and test procedures for ascent, in-orbit and RMS software verification – and served as a crew evaluator for verification and development testing for STS‑2, STS‑3, and STS‑4.
• She finally flew in late 1984 on STS-51‑A aboard Discovery. The mission deployed two satellites and recovered two others that had been placed in inappropriate orbits due to malfunctioning of their starter motors (see mission STS-41‑B).
She was assigned as a mission specialist on STS-61‑H before the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. Following the accident, she was assigned to the Operations Planning Branch to work on training and flight data file issues in support of the return to flight and the International Space Station. Then in 1989, Anna had her second child and took a leave of absence for 7 years. She returned to the astronaut office in January 1996.
She served as Chief of the Operations Planning Branch from June 1997 to June 1998. Following a reorganization of the Astronaut Office, she was appointed Space Station Branch Operations/Training Assistant from June 1998 to June 1999. She then served as Chief of the Space Station Branch of the Astronaut Office with responsibility for overseeing 40 – 50 astronauts and support engineers. Following that assignment, she worked as an ISS Capcom in Mission Control and then on display development for the Orion capsule.