Charles F. Bolden, Jr is a former director of NASA, retired United States Marine Corps Major General and NASA astronaut. Co-traveller on space mission STS-45 Atlantis with Dirk Frimout.
Charles Frank “Charlie” Bolden, Jr. (Columbia, 19 August 1946), studied at the United States Naval Academy. Afterwards, he became a Navy pilot and test pilot. As an astronaut, Bolden flew four space shuttle missions, twice as pilot and twice as captain.
In 2009, Bolden became NASA Director, nominated by President Barack Obama. He is the first African-American director of an agency on a permanent basis. During his time as NASA director, the Space shuttle programme was completed, Project Constellation was stopped, the development of the Space Launch System took place, the first Orion capsules were built, the Commercial Resupply Services programme was active and the start-up of the Commercial Crew programme took place.
After his time at NASA, Bolden joined Axiom Space, a commercial manned spaceflight company.