Charles F. Bolden



Charles Bolden

Charles F. Bolden, Jr is a for­mer direc­tor of NASA, retired United States Marine Corps Major General and NASA astro­naut. Co-trav­eller on space mis­sion STS-45 Atlantis with Dirk Frimout.

Charles Frank Charlie” Bolden, Jr. (Columbia, 19 August 1946), stud­ied at the United States Naval Academy. Afterwards, he became a Navy pilot and test pilot. As an astro­naut, Bolden flew four space shut­tle mis­sions, twice as pilot and twice as captain. 

In 2009, Bolden became NASA Director, nom­i­nat­ed by President Barack Obama. He is the first African-American direc­tor of an agency on a per­ma­nent basis. During his time as NASA direc­tor, the Space shut­tle pro­gramme was com­plet­ed, Project Constellation was stopped, the devel­op­ment of the Space Launch System took place, the first Orion cap­sules were built, the Commercial Resupply Services pro­gramme was active and the start-up of the Commercial Crew pro­gramme took place.

After his time at NASA, Bolden joined Axiom Space, a com­mer­cial manned space­flight company.